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Osteoporosis

DEXA (Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) is an enhanced X-ray image of the skeleton that provides an accurate measurement of bone density. Bone density tests are used to determine whether patients have osteoporosis, a condition in which bones are weakened and may fracture easily.

During the procedure, a beam of low-dose X-rays is targeted at an area, usually the lower spine and hips. The energy is measured as it is absorbed by soft tissue and by bone, and computer software then processes the gathered information. Exams are painless and take 10-30 minutes.

How to prevent bone loss for post-menopausal women:
  • Calcium – 1,000 to 1,500 milligrams per day through diet (3-5 servings of milk products per day) or calcium supplements
  • Vitamin D – 400 to 800 IU per day = 1-2 multivitamins per day
 
 
Exercise – 3-5 days per week; must be weight bearing:
 
  • Walking
  • Aerobics
  • Weight Training
  • Tennis
  • Golf
 
 
Fall Prevention – look for hazards in your home such as:
 
  • Loose rugs
  • Extension cords
  • Steps
  • Poor lighting
 
 
Calcium Rich Foods
 
Foods
Amount
Mg. Calcium
Yogurt, plain, low fat
1 cup
415
Sardines with bones
3 oz.
372
Ricotta, part skim
1 cup
337
Skim milk
1 cup
302
Calcium fortified orange juice
1 cup
300
Swiss cheese
1 oz.
262
Cheddar cheese
1 oz.
213
American cheese
1 oz.
198
Oysters
3/4 cup
170
Salmon with bones
3 oz.
167
Collard greens
1/2 cup
145
Spinach
1/2 cup
106
Mustard greens
1/2 cup
97
Corn muffin
2 med
90
Ice cream
1/2 cup
88
Cottage cheese 2%
1/2 cup
77
Kale
1/2 cup
74
Broccoli
1/2 cup
68
Orange
1 med
54